MDMA Pills also known as 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine ,Ecstasy, XTC, MD, Molly, and Mandy, among others) is a widely-used synthetic entactogenic substance of the amphetamine and phenethylamine chemical classes. It produces prototypical entactogenic effects such as anxiety relief, disinhibition, enhanced feelings of empathy, affection, and sociability, muscle relaxation, stimulation, and euphoria when administered.
MDMA was originally synthesized in 1912 for its potential anti-bleeding properties but was largely forgotten about for the following 65 years. The first reports of its recreational usage did not appear until 1970.Psychedelic chemist and researcher Alexander Shulgin is credited with introducing and popularizing the use of MDMA in underground psychotherapeutic circles in the late 1970s.It became a controlled substance in 1985 when its use began to propagate out into the mainstream night-life and rave culture.
Since the 1980s, MDMA has become widely known as “Ecstasy” (shortened to “E”, “X”, or “XTC”), usually referring to its street forms as illicitly pressed pills or tablets.The American term “Molly” and the British equivalent term “Mandy” originally referred to crystal or powder MDMA that was purported to be of high purity and free of adulteration.However, it has since evolved into a generic street term for any number of euphoric stimulants that are sold in powder or crystal form.
In 2014, MDMA was estimated to be one of the most popular recreational drugs used in the world, alongside cocaine and cannabis.It has become associated with a number of contemporary youth and alternative subcultures.
Today, researchers are investigating whether controlled doses of MDMA may be useful in psychotherapy as an aid in treating a number of psychiatric conditions such as severe, treatment-resistant posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), social anxiety in autistic adults,and anxiety in those with life-threatening illness.More research is needed, however, to determine if its potential benefits outweighs the risk of its possible harms.